What is ketamine?

Ketamine is most commonly used as a surgical anesthetic and was developed in the early 1960’s. Similar to many other drugs, Ketamine has been utilized for a multitude of different applications. At higher doses it is used in the operating room and emergency rooms for injuries, pain, and surgeries. In 1970, Ketamine was approved by the FDA as an anesthetic and since has been used all over the world in humans and animals. Ketamine has been a safe and successful anesthetic used in hospitals, dentist offices veterinary and medical clinics since its development. Ketamine has been on the World Health Organization (WHO) Essential Medicines list since 1985. The WHO states that Ketamine is safer to administer than other types of anesthetic agents and pain relief as it does not depress breathing or lower blood pressure and does not require expensive patient-monitoring equipment. According to the WHO, Ketamine’s high level of safety makes it indispensable for surgery in low and middle income countries, disaster situations and conflict zones-where anesthesiologists are scarce, and where running water, electricity and oxygen are unreliable. It has been used to anesthetize patients and manage pain, researchers have recently found it to be an useful alternative to opioid painkillers. Within the past 12 years, Ketamine was identified as having beneficial effects on patients with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Postpartum Depression (PPD), Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Treatment Resistant Depression (TRD) and Suicidality.

2019-01-31T22:00:37+00:00 October 27th, 2017|